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ЕГЭ

15 типовых

15 ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИХ

ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫХ

ВАРИАНТОВ

ВАРИАНТОВ

НОВАЯ ДЕМОВЕРСИЯ

НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ

УДКЗТЗ.1бТЛ,8Јјлдп

,2Англ „7

ЕЗ1

Издан:не
подготовлено прн содействии

Федерального нпетнтута педагогических
намерений (ФИМИ)

Ав тор
составитель; М,В, Вербицкая

для                    избания
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авттру преДоетавлено право использовгния ресурсое открытого банка з•ДтниП

                                                                           ЕГЭ,
Английский                тематические и тишовые экзаменационные

Е 31 варианты : 30 вариантов под ред,
М,
— М, : Издательст»о • Национальное образование. , 2022. — 336 — М, : Издательст»о • Национальное образование. , 2022. — 336 ил. 4 СП, — (ЕГЭ, Фипи —

ISBN 97&.5-4454-0633-7

•ЕЗ%, ФИГИ —

• нудњпдиек е
заляе.ью нестру•кцей н ‘ТвКСТОВ R вв•деху «Ауди»опвмхе• к.т

С ФГБНУ • Федеральный

                                                                                                                                                                С
                                  •Навя•вальеое

                           1SBN978-5-44540533-7                                                        обр•лошатие•.
201

Содержание

Введение . . . . .

ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 1,1

Вариант

Раздел З. Грамматика н лексика
Вариант 6. . 104Вариант. . 104ВариантВириант 8. 124

            4                                                                                                                                             содержание

Вариант 9• 134ТЕКСТЫ ДЛЯ АУДИРОВАНИЯ• 134ТЕКСТЫ ДЛЯ АУДИРОВАНИЯ. 209Ответы К тематическим вариантам . . 288Ответы к типовым экзаменационным вариантам
. , . . . .  .289Критерии и схемы оценивания выполнения
заданий раздела «Письмо» (2022 г ) . . . . . . . .
. .324

Введение

Цель данного пособия — дать
обучающемуся и учителю дополнительные материалы для развития иноязычной
коммуникативноЙ компетенции обу• чаюидихгя и успешной сдачи ими единого
государственного экзамена по английскому явыку. Пособие содержит 15
тематических и 15 типовых вариантов со всеми необходимыми дополнительными
материалами, которые включают ответы, критерии оценивания заданий 39 и 40,
дополнительные схемы оценивания заданий 39 и 40, тексты для аудирования„ Кроме
того, в пособии представлены примеры заданий к новому разделу «Говорение»,
который планируется включить в экзаменационную работу в 2022 году.

Тематические варианты соответствуют проверяемым в ходе государствен• ного
экзамена умениям и навыкам: 2 тематических варианта ка контроль умений
аудирования, 4 тематических варианта на контроль умений чтения,

Материалы пособия
могут использоваться на занятиях под руководством учителя или в процессе
самостоятельного повторения пройденного и подготовки к ЕГЭ. При использовании
пособия в школе рекомендуется задавать выполнение тематического или типового
варианта на дом (с самоконтролем времени), и в клиеее разбирать вызвавшие
затруднения вопросы и анализировать работы.

Вместе с тем,
тематические варианты, более короткие, чем типовые и не требующие много времени
для их выполнения, являются хорошим материалом для самостоятельных работ в ходе
промежуточного контроля. В каждом тематическом варианте указывается отведённое
на его выполне ние время. Можно также Г№комендонать проведение ПИСЬМеННЫХ работ
с одним заданием 39 па 20 минут.

В процессе
подготовки к ЕГЭ иностранным языкам 2022 г. рекомен• дуется обратить внимание
на уточнение критериев оценивания задания 40 в отношении продуктивного
характера письменноЙ речи экзаменуемых,

                  6                                                                                                                                                                                                   ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Заученное наизусть «сочинение» из опубликованного пособия или интер

ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ вдриАНТЫ

Раздел 1. Аудировацие

Baphaht
13

CeiÍguc Bbl 6YAere BHOOJIHSTb aaaaHHfl no
•retoc•r npoagyžMT 2 paaa, Ilocne nepgoro groporo npoc.TIY11JHBflHUfl y
HPC aaaauui. Beo nuyaH B ayAHoaanucb, OCTaHOBKa H nOBTOPHOe ge npeaycuo•rpeuu.
no OROHgaHHH Bbl»10.nyeHHfl Bcero paauena «Ayanp0BaHvre• nepeHecg•re B Ne
1.

3aAanue 1

Now we arc ready to start.

Speaker A

t d like to do is go to a secondhand book store,
pick up

Speaker B

I enjoy one book very
much. I have read it at least 20 times and it is always wonderful. Every time I
read the novel as if I have no idea of what happens on its pages and I never
bored with it. It is truly a success story about a woman who managed to do well
despite her poor environment.

Speaker C

I’ve been reading
«Bleak House» for some time now, over a month l t d
estimate, and probably closer to 6 weeks. I’m half way through, and I find it
difficult to enjoy. Dickens’s convoluted way of getting to the point seems
little mollified by the beautiful language, and although the dialogue is
thoroughly enjoyable, I can’t help but want to explore other books.

Speaker D

At a message board I go to they’ve been
polling to see what books everyone has read. The participants are mostly 18 to
22 year old guys who play video games and like reading, so whole thing is
slanted towards high-school

Speaker E

I’m going to make a trip to the used
bookstore to get rid of some books I have and probably pick some books up at
the same time. The problem is, I’m awful at trying to figure out what books to
get rid Of. I have tnatiÿ books that I’ve read and probably won’t reread but
I have a hard time getting rid of them because the majority of them are
hardback and they cost a lot.

Speaker F

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15
seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to
check your answers, (Pause 15 seconds.)

3aaaHHe 2

Now we are ready to start.

Tom: I was an exchange student in Denmark
in 2005 and hnd an absolutely awfúl experience with any host family and
my school. They weren’t the friendliest of people.

Jack: Oh really? Well, with me there were things that
made me a bit sad but in general I enjoyed being there. Yes, I know, people can
seem a little cold and, yes, even rude.

Tom: That’s it. And in my very first week
I got insulted by a bus driver when I was trying to clip my card. Of course it
can happen anywhere, but it was a bit sad that no one batted an eyelid.

Jack: It’s something I experienced as well, to be honest, but
Scandinavians seem to be very sensitive underneath the shell. The harder the shell
is, it seems, the more fragile underneath. It’s a new set of social rules we
need to learn, I guess, when we go to a different country.

Tom: You’re right, of course. And despite
all my problems, I miss Denmark so much, it’s like having a constant stomachache.

Jack: 1 know what you mean. There are
things that I really love there. First, the tap water is drinkable. Then the
Metro is gorgeous. It’s a pleasure to go by train, as the trains are cute
inside.

Tom: What is more, the sky is often
starry, because there’s little pollution. The air is pretty good. The thing is,
I haven’t been happy since I returned home to the States. I’ve gotten to the
point that I consider myself more Danish than 1 do American. But I wonder if it
will be difficult to make new friends.

Jack: I have friends who live there now
who say it’s quite hard to make friends or get into their circle. But, I think,
it depends.

Tom: Ideally I plan to move in January. Yes, I know it’s the
coldest month but if I don’t do it then, I’ll get all wrapped up in our city’s
big spring festival and then the football season begins, then my birthday you
get the idea — and never . Jack: Yes, and this will also give you enough time
to get a visa.

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to
cheek your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

3a,aaHH51 3—9

Now we are ready to start.

Today I bought «The Ecological
Calendar» that has peculiar formatting on its title. The calendar is
apparently available in a few different formats. The one I’ve bought is a
weekly planner for 2007, although it starts at the Winter Solstice, so it
includes part of December too.

It’s partly in the standard Gregorian format, so
I don’t have to worry about making mistakes in it that take away from its
usefulness. In 1997, I had a weekly planner where the week started with Monday
instead of Sunday, as it does in some countries, and that little change caused
a lot of havoc in any kind of scheduling that I tried to do,

However, it pairs the usual Gregorian
calendar with a lot of information about the astronomical and seasonal changes
that are happening at that time of year, so that you get the feeling of being
connected to the grand eyeles of nature. What the plants

Bapwarrr
11

Bbl õyaere Bf:arTOJTHSTTb     no ayAHPOBaHHF0.            -reKCT
ttP03BÿtÐØ’t 2 paa.a.
 g•ropot’0   y Bac óYACT BPeMA
         Bblno:meuna
 npogepkH aauamm. Bre nayabl             B ayauoaanwcb. Oc•rayonya
110BTOPHOe Bocrrp0HðBeJleHHe ayawoaarurcø ge       110      gcero
paaaeata
 nepeuecwre         g B.uaHk         N 1.

3aaaune 1

Now we are ready to start. Speaker A

We have a great variety of food available now, but think we should care a lot
more about where our food comes from. I think it people started to buy local
and

Speaker B

There are still people
who think that it costs more money than really does to eat well. It worries me
that people are happy to spend thousands of dollars on car, but don’t want to
spend more than 2.50 on a chicken. We all need to be aware of what we are
putting in our mouths but we seem to attach far more importance to clothes than
food.

Speaker C

When I was a child we
used to eat healthy food without thinking about it — you could rarely see
preserved or processed food in stores. Big home-cooked family meals were central
to my childhooc:L Nowadays, while some families have kept that tradition,
generally we’ve lost a connection with food, and that makes me pessimistic
about our eating habits.

Speaker D

No doubt there will
always be people who prefer to eat out, and there is a place for ready-made
meals, but 1 believe we’ve started to understand the advantages of simple local
produce, and the harm of all these preservatives and chemicals in processed food.
We are beginning to realize that freshly prepared ingredients, cooked simply,
are much better than ready-made meals.

Speaker E

Growing your own produce
is a fantastic way to get better food. You grow what you want and, when you dig
it up, it’s on the table an hour later. There are always things you can grow;
even if you don’t have a garden or a piece of land — herbs in a pot on your
kitchen windowsill will make the difference in any dish you cook because they
are so fresh.

Speaker F

We are able to buy much better food then
ten years ago, but what is really missing is the culture of cooking at home. We
have two generations af children who didn’t stand at their parents’ Shoulders
and learn how to cook — and a few TV shows are not going to change that. Many
children, especially in big cities, don’t know what flour is Where milk comes

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15
seconds.) Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to
cheek your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

3aaaHHe 2

Bb.i YCAbuuum.e ðuaaog. Ortpeðeaume,
npuge,r3ëHNuex ymaep,ycðeHuÙ A —G coontaerncrnøyg•m (J
— True), He coomeemcmawom (2 — False) u o a meeccme He cwaaayro, mo ecmb Ha
OCHooaHuu mexcma aamb Hu ompugameRb’,roeo omeema (3 — Not stated). 3anecu• me
‘to.uep abi6paHH0,eo Baxu ornaema ycAbltaante Jartuco

                 Y Buc             20                                                          c

NOW we are ready

Mary; Hey, John! Tomorrow is Valentine’s Day! Do yau
remember?

John: DO I remember? I’ve spent loads Of
money on Valentine cards, to say nothing of postage costs!

Mary: That’s funny! I thought one was
supposed to buy and send a card to just one person. Isn’t that the point?

John: It used to be, but I think not
anymore. You are expected to send cards to teachers, relatives, neighbours This
is ridiculous but be ready for some caustic comments if you forget somebody
from this list! People have completely forgotten the

Mary: That’s sad, but you are
próbably right. For example, have you heard that, according to the
statistics, teachers receive the most Valentines, followed by kids, mothers and
only then spouses or sweethearts?

John: This doesn’t surprise me at all.
Valentine’s Day is probably the second largest card-sending holiday in the
world.

Mary: Only the second? How come?

John: I think you are missing Christmas,
aren’t you? You know Hallmark employs 80 people every year to research the
sales pattern of previous Valentines. That is big business for

Mary: Much depends on clever advertising;
that’s the fact. Do you know that in Japan after the successful campaign of a
chocolate factory, women began to give men a box of sweets for Valentine’s Day?

John: Nevert I don’t believe it! At least lucky men in
Japan don’t have to buy bunches Of

Mary: A bouquet is
important indeed. You don’t want to send mixed signals with it, do you?

John: What do
you mean?

Mary; The colour of
flowers, of courset Red can mean romantic love or just deep respect. Peach
e:a.n tell a person Of your gratitude or appreciation. Pink symbolizes
perfection and black says farewell. Imagine you mix black and red or peach and
pink.

John: This is completely
over my head. I doubt many people Still remember these archaic rules.

Mary: You never know! OK, I’ve got to go. See you tomorrow.
John: All right. I hope you’ll have a card for met Mary: I certainly will!

You have 15 seconds to complete the task’
(Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again.
(Repeat.)

This is the end of the     You now have
15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

3aaaHHff 3—9

Vt*bnuume
uHmepiBbKJ. B             3—9    goopy 1. 2       3. coamaem8b.i5PaHHOMV             a,apuaHmg
     aanuCb

Y Bac              50 cercvuà, qmobb’
03HOE0.uumb,ca c aaðaHua.gu,

Now we are ready to start.

Presenter: With us in
the studio today we have Steven Roberts, a world-recognized expert in teaching
foreign languages, Good afternoon, Steven.

Steven Roberts: Good afternoon.

Steven Roberts: There
are many methods indeed, but the thing I am presently researching is using
films as a teacher. Many people feel like watching the original version of a
foreign movie they liked. What I offer is a unique educational programme
accompanied by the original film in the original language with origmal
subtitles.

Presenter: That sounds
really innovative! Can you please tell us how this idea crossed your mind?

Steven Roberts; Well,
when you start communicating with native speakers in a foreign language, you
soon decide you fluent and you have almost accomplished your goal of true
bilingualism. However, as soon as you wuteh a movie in a foreign language, you
feel lost. Films are difficult to understand precisely because they arc so real
world, at least from a linguistic perspective. This may make watching original
films very frustrating even for advanced speakers of any language, but the fact
remams that there is probably no better source of linguistic input than a good
film,

Presenter: It seems to me though, not
every learner may find this programme

Laughing and evolution

The first hoots of laughter from an
ancient ancestor or humans could be heard at least 10 million years ago,
according to the results of a new study,

n
other contexts,
like making fun of someone,» said Marina Davila a psychologist at
Portsmouth University, «I was interested in C
Davila ROSS travelled to seven zoog around
Europe and visited wildlife reserve in Sabah, Borneo, to record baby and
juvenile apes

1.   
whether laughing emerged earlier on than humans did

2.   
to create the evolutionary tree linking humans and apes

3.   
that laughter is uniquely human trait

4.   
that humans were closest to chimps and bonobos

5.   
that laughing comes from a common ancestor

6.   
while their caretakers tickled them

OTBetr:

138                                                                                                                               Era.
TL.fflOBblE OK3AMEHAu’10HHb1E BAPVIAHTBI

Scarcely
had we settled into Reution the Strawberry-pink Villa before my mother decided
that I was running wild, and that it was necessary for me to have some sort of
education. As usual when a problem arose, the entire family flung itself with
enthusiasm into the task of solving it. Each member had his or her own idea of
what was best far me.

Sitting
under the open window in the twilight, I had listened with interest, not
unmixed with indignation, to the family discussion of my fate. Finally my
mother decided that George would be good teacher for me. Now it was settled, I
wondered vaguely who George was, and why it was so necessary for me to have
lessons.

Later I
discovered that George was my brother’s friend and he had come to Corfu Lo
write. There was nothing very unusual about this, for all Larry’s acquaintances
in those days were either authors, poets, or painters.

My new teacher came over to the
villa to discuss my education with Mother, and we were introduced. We regarded
each other with suspicion. George was a very tall and extremely thin man with a
brown beard and a pair of large spectacles. He had deep, melancholy voice, a
dry and sarcastic sense of humor. However, he was not upset by the fact that
there were no school•books available on the island; he simply looked through
his own library und appeared on the appointed day armed with his own selection
of books. He patiently taught me Geography from the maps in the hack of an
ancient copy of Pears Encyclopedia, English from books that ranged from Wilde
to Gibbon, French from the book called «Le Petit Larousse», and
mathematics ffom memory. From my point of view the most important thing was
that we devoted some of our time to naturál history, and George
carefully taught me how to observe and how to note down observations in a
diary. At once my enthusiastic interest in nature became focused, tor I found that
by writing things down I could learn and remember much more. The only morning
that I wag ever on time for my lessons were those which were given up to
natural history,

Every
morning At nine George would come into the little dining-room of the villa, sit
at the table methodically arranging the books. He would droop over the
exercisebook pensively, pulling at his beard. Then in his large, clear writing
he would set the task for me solve.

«If
it took two caterpillars a week to eat eight leaves, how long would four caterpillars
take to eat the same number? Now, apply yourself to that».

While
I was struggling with the apparently insoluble problem 01 the caterpillar
appetites, George was practicing some dancing moves in the hall as at that time
he was engaged in learning some of the local dances, for which he had a
passion.

In
geogruphy we mude better progress, ror George was able to give a more
zoologicål tinge to the lesson. We drew giant maps and then filled in the
various places of interest, together with drawings or the most exciting animals
and birds to be found there.

2)    
led an uncontrolled life.

3)    
became very angry.

4)    
had an unhealthy lifestyle.

How did the «boy’s family react to the problem of his
education?

1)  Actively
discussed the situation.

2)  Avoided
any disputes on thig topic, 3) Showed no desire in solving it. 4) Felt
indifferent.

George was I) a teacher.

2)   
a dancer.

3)   
a writer.

4)   
a mathematician.

Orgem:

How did the boy and George feel when they first met?

1)   They treated
the situation with humor.

2)   They were upset
about their studies.

3)  
They didn’t trust
each other.

4)   They liked each
other very much.

Why did the boy enjoy his lessons of natural history?

1)    He
remembered much more from those lessons.

2)    He got
very interested in the subject.

3)    He
learned how to focus an the lesson. 4) He finally learnt how to write.

The boy couldn’t sólve the mathematics problem
because he

l) didn’t like to make any effort. 2) was not
interested in caterpillars.

3) refused to do mathematics in
general. The
 leSSOns
were t’tiOt•e successful because
George knew geography better than
mathematics 2) the boy was fand af drawing maps of the

3)   the
boy knew lots Of interesting places already.

4)  
George also
managed to involve the boy’s interest in fauna.

OTBerr:

no           aaðawuü
10—18 He aa6yð•me n.epeHeem.u CðOU                 E•TAHE OTOETOB              1!
aanuuurne ornoe•m               om          a:aòaHug, Hac     JTpu
nepeHo,ee omeemoa aaaaNu.gx 10 u 11                 Janu.,eN.aanp06ea.oav
aan.R.me•x u.

coontaenu.mteuu c
npua•eðëHHH.uu Õna;HKe obpaaga..wu

PagaeJl 3. I’pasnrarmta creh•cmca

London zoo

London Zoo is one of the most
important zoos in the world. There are over 12,000 animals at London Zoo and A
! Its main concern is to breed
threatened animals in captivity. This means we might be able to restock the
wild, should disaster ever befall the wild population.

Partula Snail,
Red Crowned Crane, Arabian Oryx, Golden Lion Tamarin, Persian Leopard, Asiatic
Lion and Sumatran Tiger are just some of the species London Zoo is helping to
save.

That is why it is so important that we
fight preserve the habitats that these animals live in, as well as eliminate
other dangers B aim to make your day at London Zoo a fun and memorable time, C
In the Ambika Paul Children’s Zoo, for
instance, youngsters can learn a new love and appreciation for animals DThey
cart also learn how to care for favourite pets in the Pet Care Centre.
Then there are numerous
speciál Highlight events E
unforgettable
pony rides to feeding times and spectacular animal displays. You will get to
meet keepers and ask them what you are interested in about the animals they
care for; F

Whatever you decide, you will have a great day. We have
left no stone unturned to make sure you do!

1.   such as hunting exotic animals and
selling furs

2.   as well as the ins and outs of being a
keeper at London Zoo

3.   which take place every day, from

4.   because they see and touch them close
up

5.   despite the serious side to our work

6.   which demand much time and effort

7.   that is not counting every ant in the
colony

OTBerr:

The last time I saw my rather was in Grand Central
Station. I was going from my grandmother’s in the Adirondacks to a cottage on
the Cape that my mother had rented, and I wrote my father that I would be in
New York between trains for an

hour and a half, and asked if we could have lunch together.
His secretary wrote to say that he would meet me at the information booth noon,
and at twelve o’clock sharp I saw him coming through the crowd.

He was a stranger to me
— my mother divorced him three years ago and I hadn’t been with him since — but
as soon as I saw him I felt that he was my father, my flesh and blood, my
future and my doom. I knew that when I was grown I would be something like him;

He struck me on the back
and shook my hand. «Hi, Charlie,» he said. «Hi, boy. I’d like to
take you up to my club, but it’s in the Sixties, and if you have to catch an
early train I guess we’d better get something to eat around here.» He put
his arm around me, and I smelled my father the way my mother sniffs a rose.

It
was a riCh compound of whiskey, after-shave lotion, shoe polish, woollens, and
the rankness of a mature male. I hoped that someone would see us together. I
wished that we could be photographed. I wanted some record of our having been
together.

We went out of the
station and up a side street to a restaurant. It was still early, and the place
was empty• The bartender was quarrelling with a delivery boy, and there was one
very Old waiter in a red down by the kitchen door. We sat downt and my father
hailed the waiter in a loud voice.

«Kellnert» he shouted.
«Garcon! You]» His boisterousness in the empty restaurant seemed out
of place. «Could we have a little service here!» he shouted. Then he
clapped his hands. This caught the waiter’s attention, and he shuffled over to
our table.

«Were you clapping your hands at me?» he asked.

«Calm down, calm
down,» my father said. «It isn’t too much to ask of you — if it
wouldn’t be too much above and beyond the call of duty, we would like a couple
of Beefeater Gibsons.»

«I don’t like to be clapped
at,» the waiter said.

«I should have
brought my whistle,» my father said. have a whistle that is audible only
to the ears of old waiters. Now, take out your little pad and your little
pencil and see if you can get this straight: two Beefeater Gibsons. Repeat
after met two Beefeater Gibsons.»

«I think you’d better go somewhere
else,» the waiter said quietly.

«That,» said
my father, «is one of the most brilliant suggestions I have ever heard.
Come on, Charlie.»

I followed my father out
of that restaurant into another. He was not so boisterous this time. Our drinks
came, und he cross-questioned me about the baseball season. He then struck the
edge of his empty glass with his knife and began shouting again. «Garcon!
You! Could we trouble you to bring us two more of the saxne.» «How
old is the boy?» the waiter asked.

«That,» my father said, «is none of your business.»

«I’m sorry, sir,» the waiter said, «but I won’t serve the
boy another drink.»

«Well, I have some
news for you,» my father said. «I have some very interesting news for
you. This doesn’t happen to be the only restaurant in New York, They’ve opened
another on the corner. Come on, Charlie.»

He paid the bill, and I followed him out
of that restaurant into another

BAFMAHT7                                                                                                                                                                                                 119

The
narrator was looking forward to meeting with his father because he

1)    hoped that his parents would get back
together.

2)    expected to get valuable present from
him.

3)    wanted to stay with him in New York.
4) missed the feeling of being with him.

The
narrator’s request to meet was accepted by his father

1)    unwillingly.

2)    with great pleasure.

3)    in business-like manner.

4)    with much hope and expectation.

The
narrator wanted to be photographed with his father because

l)
it was the happiest time of his life.

2)    he was proud of his father’s good
looks.

3)    he wanted to boast of his father to
his friends.

4)    he wished to remember their moments
together.

The father did not invite his son to his
club because

l)
the son was pressed for time to catch a train.

2)    it was necessary to book in advance to
enter the club.

3)    the man feared that hig son would not
behave properly. 4) it was a closed club with no children allowed.

The father’s behaviour in the first
restaurant wag inappropriate as he

1)   was too boisterous in an empty
restaurant.

2)   could not afford to pay the bill.

3)   tried to boast of his knowledge of
foreign languages.
 treated
the waiter in a rude manner.

The
waiter in the next restaurant refused bo bring them more drinks us

The title of the story «Reunion» actually implies
that the

1)   son found his
lost father after decades of separation.

2)   son now would
be living together with his father.

son made an attempt to re-establish relations with his father.

Pa,3aej1
2. litehhc

C. Statistics show that only 12% of all
journeys made in Britain are by public transport. The remaining 88% are mude by
car. Every year British people spend about two weeks travelling to and from
work including nine days in their own ears. But anyone will say this isn’t a
quick and easy way to travel. In tact, a journey from London to Manchester
frequently takes seven hours. A cyclist could get there quicker.

G.
In 1903, the Wright brothers made the first aeroplane flight. It only lasted 12
seconds but changed the world forever, A century later, air travel is no longer
a miracle, it is part of everyday life. One billion air passangerg now fly
every year — that’s equivalent to a sixth of the world’s population.

Elephants sense
‘danger’ clothes

St
Andrews University researchers discovered that elephants could recognise the
degree of danger posed by various groups of individuals.

The study found that
African elephants always reacted with fear
 previously worn by men of the Mausai tribe.
They are
known
to demonstrate their courage by B

The
elephants also responded aggressively red clothing, which defines traditional
Maasni dress.

However, the elephants showed a much
milder reaction to clothing previously worn by the Katnba people, Cand pose
little threat.

The
researchers first presented elephants with clean, red clothing and with red
clothing that had been worn for five dayg by D

They
revealed that Maasai-smelt clothing motivated elephants to travel significantly
faster in the first minute after they moved away.

They
then investigated whether elephants could also use the colour of clothing as a
cue to classify a potential threat and found the elephants reacted with
aggression
 This suggested that they associated the red
with the Maasai.
The researchers believe the distinction in the
elephants’ emotional reaction to smell and colour might be explained by FThey
might be able to distinguish among different human groups according to the
level of risk they posed.

ewe
regard this experiment ag just a start to investigating precisely how elephants
‘see the world’, and it may he that their abilities will turn out to equal or
exceed those of our cloger relatives, the monkeys and apes,• researchers added.

1.     either a
Maasai or a Kamba man

2.    
who do not hunt elephants

3.    
when they detected the
smell Of clothes

4.    
who carried out the
research

5.     the amount
Of Fisk they sense

6.    
spearing elephants

7.    
when they spotted red but
not white cloth

OTBerr•.

Cry-baby

It was almost midnight before they got
around to giving the Oscars to the really well-known personalities. At first
series of guest stars had awarded the prizes: to the best designer, to the best
special-effects man, for the best technical invention for motion pictures
during the year, and to all the other people, so unknown outside the industry,
but so significant within it.

I looked around the theatre, recognizing
most Of the weighty faces in the business, but not caring much. You see, I was
pretty nervous. Myra Caldwell, whom had brought to the ceremony, was sitting
there beside me, and right across the aisle wus Joan Weyland.

Now, to get the
picture properly, you have to remember tbHt during that particular year Myra
had played the sensational supporting role in The Devil Loges and had been
called the greatest find in the history of pictures. But that was the same year
that Joan Weyland had stolen a big picture called Calumet Centre right out from
under the nose of one of the most famous female stars in the industry.

The only
other actress nominated was not given much chance. Now in a, few minutes, they
were going to announce who had won the Oscar for the Best Supporting Actress of
the year. It was the hottest Contest and everybody was aware of it.
Furthermore, it was no secret that the two leading contestants would be
delighted to boil each other in oil — win, lose, or draw. And here they were
across the aisle from each other. Do you get why I was nervous?

Then the lights went down. They were going to run short scenes from the
pictures for which the actors and actresses had been nominated. The
supporting-actress pictures were coming on, and here was Joan Weyland in her
grand scene from Calumet Centre. The audience started to applaud as soon as
they saw her.

After that they ran a short episode from
Whirlwind, showing the other nominee, a refugee actress called Tanya Braden. I
had never seen the picture of the actress, and the picture hadn’t made much
money, but there was no doubt she could act! She played the star’s mother and
she made you believe it.

Then they ran Myra’s big moment in The
Devil Loses. After it was over, I tried to guess who had the biggest chance.

«I think I won,» Myra said to me.

The lights went up. The old actor, who had won the Supporting
Actor award the year before, came through the curtains and prepared to present
the award. I didn’t see how I was going to live through the next few minutes.
He got the envelope and began opening it very slowly.

He wag laving every second of it, the old
man. Then he looked at the little piece Of paper.

«The Winner,» he said, then
paused again, «is Miss Tanya Braden, for her performance in
Whirlwind.»

Well, I’m not too sure about the sequence
of events that followed. I don’t remember the applause, because Joan let out a
loud cry from across the aisle that drowned out everything else. Then Myra
started to cry. I don’t mean cry like the ordinary person, but I mean cry so
that the building shook.

Then Joan jumped to her feet and started
out, and her mother accompanied her. But I couldn’t do anything with Myra. The
show was interrupted and the whole theatre was staring at her. I picked her up
and carried her out.

aAFVIAHT

It wasn’t a very
pleasant performance, but I think there is some excuse. After all

At the beginning of the Oscar ceremony
prizes were awarded

                l) to the most famous stars
among          Winners.

2)             
to the best
director.

3)             
for the best film.

4)             
the secondary members Of shooting crews.

Orgcr:

Вариант 10

                                                                                      Код
                                                               ЕГЭ,

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

Объем
высказывания соответствует поставленной задаче: 90—154 слова

Аспект 1. Ответ нн ВОПРОС,    ли в ШКОЛЕ
автора письма спортивные секции и занимается лк он спортом в свободное время,
дан

Аспект 2. Ответ нн ВОПРОС, считает ли автор
письма, что все должны заниматься спортом,

Аспект 3. Ответ нн вопрос о том, что значит
спорт лично для автора письма, дан

Аспект Три вопроса П котёнке заданы

Аспект 5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены: ссылка
на предыдущие контакты:

благодарность за полученное ПИСЬМО; надежда на последующие контакты

Аспект б. Стилевое оформление выбрано правильно: обращение, фраза, подпись автора в
соответствии с неофициальным стилем

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

Логичность

Деление на абзацы

Средства логической связи

Обращение па отдельной строке

Завершающая фраза на отдельной строке

Подпись на отдельной строке

Адрес автора в правом верхнем углу (можно
краткий)

Дата под адресом

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

З. Языковое оформление текста.

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

Вариант 12

Код

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

Объём высказывания соответствует поставленной задаче: 90—154 слова

Астект 1. Ответ на вопрос, кто
виноват в ссоре, дан

Аспект 2. Ответ на вопрос, ссорится ли
автор письма со своими друзьями и о чем, дав

Аспект
З. Ответ на вопрос п том, кто должен позвонить первым, щан

Аспект 4. Три вопроса об экзамене заданы

Аспект 5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены:
ссылка на предыдущие контакты; благодарность за полученное письмо; надежда на
последушщие контакты

Аспект 6. Стилевое оформление
выбрано правильно: обращение, завершающая фраза, подпись автора в
соответствии с неофициальным стилем

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный п л — 2)

ЛОГИЧНОСТЬ

Деление на абзацы

Гредетва логичегткпй связи

Обращение на отдельной строке

Зннер:јтающая фраза ни отдельной строке

Подпись на отдельной строке

oiiiiiiill

Адрес автора в правом верхнем углу (можно КР&ТКИЙ)

Дата под адресом

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

3, ЯЗЫКОВОЕ оформление текста, итоговый
БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

тЭ.

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

Объём высказывания соответствует
поставленной задаче: 90—154 слова

Аспект 1. Ответ на ВОПРОС, следует ди другу по переписке выбрать другую
профессию или сдать экзамены еще раз в следующем году, дан

Аспект 2, Ответ па вопрос, выбрал ли уже
будущую профессию натор письма и какую, дан

азап;а0’1

Аспект З. Ответ на вопрос о том, откуда
автор письма знает, что это верный выбор, дан

Аспект 4. Три вопроса об отдыхе заданы

Астект 5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены:

ссылка на предыдущие контакты; благодарность за полученное письмо;
надежда на последующие контакты

Аспект 6.
Стилевое оформление выбрано правильно: обращение, завершающая фраза,

подпись автора в соответствии с неофициальным стилем

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

ЛОГИЧНОСТЬ

Деление ка абзацы

Средства логической связи

Обри:цение на отдельной строке

Завершающая фраза на отдельной строке

Подпись на отдельной строке

Адрес автора в правом верхнем углу (МОЖНО кр,иткий)

Дата под адресом

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ Тмаксимальный балл — 2)

З. Языковое оформление текста.

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный л — 2)

Вариант 4

ФИО эксперт                   Код эксперта                   Код эксперта

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

Объём
внеказыняния соответствует поставленной задаче; 90—154 слова

1

Аспект 1. Ответ на вопрос о том, какой
костюм выбрал бы автор письма для костюмированного бала, дан

Аспект 2. Ответ на ВОПРОС о том, предпочёл
бы автор сам сделать КОСТюМ или купить ГОТОВЫЙ,

Аспект 3. Ответ на вопрос о том, как относится автор к костюмированным
вечерам в целому, дан

Аспект 4. Три вопроса о музее заданы

Аспект 5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены:

ссылка
на предыдущие контакты; благодарность за полученное письмо; надежда на
последующие контакты

Аспект 6. Стилевое оформление выбрано правильно: обращение, завершающая
фраза, подпись автора в соответствии с неофициальным стилем

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ (максимяльный балл — 2)

Логичность

Деление нн абзацы

Средства лагическрй связи

Обращение на отдельной строке

Завершающия фраза на отдельной строке

Подпись на отдельной строке

Адрес автора н правом верхнем углу
(можно краткий)

Дата под адресом

ИТОГОВЫЙ БАЛЛ балл — 2)

З, Языковое оформление текста, итоговыЙ
БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

        312                                                                                       ЕГЭ,
                                                 адриднты

ВАРИАНТ 5ФИО экспертаКод эксперта

                                                              ЗАДАНИЯ
35 „личнО;                                                              313

ВАРИАНТ ВФИО авеперта                                                           Код
эксиерта

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

EE!kii3

Объём высказывания соответствует
поставленной задаче: 90—154 СДОВ&

Аспект 1. Ответ на вопрос, нормально ли это, когда друзья ССОРЯТСЯ, дин

Аспект 2. Ответ ни ВОПРОС, чаето ли автор письма ссорится со своими
друзьями и почему, дан

в•пппгппгп

Аспект З. Ответ на вопрос о том, бывает ли
настоящая дружба без ссор, дан

Аспект 4. Три вопроса о поездке в Лондон заданы

Аспект
5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены: ссылка на предыдущие контакты; благодарность
за полученное письмо; надежда на последующие контакты

Астект 6. Стилевое оформление
выбрано правильно: обращение, завершающая фраза, подпись автора в
соответствии с неофициальным стилем

ИТОГОВЫМ БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

Логичность

Деление на абзацы

Средства логической связи

Обращение на отдельной етроке

Завершающая фраза на отдельной строке

Подпись па отдельной строке

Адрес, автора в правом верхнем углу (можно
КРНТКИЙ)

Дата под адресом

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

З. Языковое оформление текста.

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

Вариант з

         ФИО эксп                  Код эксперта                  Код эксперта

НОМЕР БЛАНКА

Объём высказывания соответствует
поставленной задаче; 90—154 слова

Аспект 1. Ответ ни вопрос о том, где бы
хотел жить автор ПИСЬМА, дан

Аспект 2. Ответ на вопрос о том, почему
многие люди переезжают жить в крупные города, дан

Аспект 3. Ответ на вопрос о том, легко ли
молодым людям в России менять место жительства и почему, дан

Аспект 4. Три вопроса п новой работе брата заданы

Астект
5. Нормы вежливости соблюдены: ССЫЛКи на предыдущие контакты; благодарность
за полученное письмо; надежда на последующие контакты

Аспект б. Стилевое оформление
выбрано правильно: обращение, завершающая фраза, подпись автора в
соответствии с неофициальным стилем

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

ЛОГИЧНОСТЬ

Деление на абзацы

Средств,и логической связи

Обращение на отдельной строке

Завершающая фрази на отдельной строке

Подпись на отдельной строке

Адрес автора в правом верхнем углу (можно краткий)

Дата под адресом

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

З. Языковое оформление текста.

итоговый БАЛЛ (максимальный балл — 2)

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